The London and North East Railway (LNER) 4472 Flying Scotsman was built in 1923 at Doncaster. It was seen as a flagship for LNER and was exhibited at the British Empire Exhibitions of 1924 and 1925.
The locomotive was best suited for long journeys because of its ability to travel faster than many previous designs. The locomotive is famous for becoming the first steam train to reach a speed of 100mph on 30th November 1934.
The locomotive was retired from service in 1963 but then embarked on a tour of America from 1969 to 1963. An Australian tour followed 1988 to 1989 where it is became famous for setting the longest non-stop journey record, 422 miles, 8th August 1989.