In this review of Greek gods, heroes, and mythical creatures, you will learn about who Polyphemus and Priam are, who brought fire to people, and who were the judges of the souls of the dead in the underworld. As well as the name of the wife of Kronos, what the satyrs and sirens looked like, you will find out where the expression “Sisyphus Labor” came from. In addition, get acquainted with Scylla, find out who was the patron of comedy and what was the name of the son of Odysseus.
Polyphemus – Cyclops, son of Poseidon. Caught Odysseus and his team, locking them in a cave. As a result of a cunning trick, Odysseus managed to blind Polyphemus and escape.
Poseidon is the god of water, seas, and oceans. As well as earthquakes. He was the son of Kronos and Rhea, the brother of Zeus and Hades. Belonged to the Olympic gods. Poseidon’s wife was Amphitrite, who bore him the son of Triton.
Priam is the king of Troy during the Trojan War. His most famous children were Hector, Paris, Polidor, Kassandra. Hekuba was his wife.
Prometheus is a titan, the son of Iapetus and Klimena, according to other sources of Themis. He was considered the protector of mortals from the hostility of the gods. According to some legends, it was Prometheus who created people from clay. He also brought fire to people, having stolen it from Zeus. He taught mortals all kinds of crafts, arts, and sciences. For deception, Zeus chained Prometheus to the rock and every day sent him an eagle, which was eating the liver of Prometheus. During the night she grew up again and the next day Prometheus expected the same fate. According to one legend, Heracles was released.
Psyche is the personification of the soul, sometimes presented in the form of a butterfly or bird. She was later represented as a young woman.
Radamant is the son of Zeus and Europe. He was famous for his justice. He became the ruler and judge of the souls of the dead in the earthly world.
Rhea is the titanide, sister and wife of Kronos. The mother of some Olympic gods.
Sarpedon is a hero, the son of Zeus and Laodamia. He commanded the Lycians during the siege of Troy, the allies of the Trojans. He was killed by Patroclus.
Satyrs are the frantic spirits of forests and hills. In appearance – half the animals. Usually depicted as people with parts of the body of animals, for example with a ponytail. Later they began to portray in the form of people with goat legs.
Selena is the goddess of the moon. Daughter of the titans Hyperion and Thei. Her sanctuary was in Laconia.
Silenus is the god who embodied the spirit of wildlife. Depicted in the form of a half-human half-animal with the ears of a horse. Connected with the cult of Dionysus.
Sirens are effeminate creatures that lure sailors to the rocks with their singing. The sailors, charmed by their singing, landed on the island, where sirens lived and died in a clearing dotted with dead bodies. Usually depicted as semi-female half birds.
Sisyphus – son of Aeolus, after death as a punishment was to roll a huge stone on the mountain in the underworld, which, upon reaching the top, rolled down. Hence the expression “Sisyphus labor”, that is, useless or meaningless.
Scylla is a sea monster, the daughter of Forky and Hecate. Inhabited the Strait of Messina. She had six heads, with three rows of teeth each and 12 legs. Hunted for sailors who sailed the strait.
Stentor – a character with a piercing voice, could shout 50 people. According to one legend, he died after losing a contest in a cry to Hermes.
Thalia is one of the muses, considered the patroness of comedy.
Telemachus is the son of Odysseus and Penelope.